With the development of the Internet, people had to make payments «at a distance». Financial relations often connect people from different hemispheres of the planet and to transfer money from hand to hands is impossible. With the development of the informational business people are thinking about how to avoid costs and do business in conditions of absolute efficiency.
The solution was found in 2009, when the anonymous Satoshi Nakamoto published a description of a new payment system based on mathematical calculations. So the bitcoin as money of a new generation appeared.